What are The Most Common Types of Water Filtration System?
July 10, 2015
Clean water is considered a major global resource, an asset that supports city life and rural communities. We need clean water in the home, to drink, to wash clothing, and for bathing. Thankfully, water can be found in most parts of the world, but a question mark hangs over the quality of this life-sustaining fluid in some countries. After all, it's estimated that 1-in-5 deaths occur in our developing nations because of dirty water, meaning filtration technology varies wildly. Unsafe water is classed as the following:
- Laden with ground sediment
- Microbial contamination
- Chemical pollution from factory byproducts
- Chemical additives, including chlorine and fluoride
There are several classes of water filtration technology. The basic types efficiently remove sedimentary matter and merely improve taste and odour. At the far end of the filtration spectrum, multi-stage assemblies remove toxic pollutants and the microbial components that would otherwise cause severe sickness.
Intelligent allocation of water filtration technology is defined by locality and the general cleanliness level within a geographical area, perhaps a topic for another time. Meanwhile, let's discuss the leading forms of water filtration in more detail.
1. Layered Carbon Filters
Commonly used in homes and large buildings, an active carbon filter uses sandwiched sections of carbon and a ceramic plate. The plate contains tiny holes, thus removing sediment. The carbon is charged. The charged material chemically bonds with salted minerals and removes ground contamination.
2. Reverse Osmosis Technology
This semi-permeable material is placed directly in the path of the water flow. The membrane is so finely fabricated that no large molecule can pass. The result is purified water and a medical-quality barrier, one capable of stopping parasites, bacterial infections and viruses. This system is popular in poor countries where water quality issues cost lives.
3. Multi-Stage Solutions
It's true that some filtration solutions work well by sticking with one technology, but the most efficient products combine technologies and thus target different pollutants with an armoury of weapons. A ceramic plate blocks larger matter and cleans the water from dirt. The reverse osmosis stage further cleans the water, taking the process down to the microscopic level. Finally, the water is fully sterilized by adding UV light to the configuration, a chemical-free solution that kills germs with the power of germicidal light.
The forms of filtration divide further, covering whole house or point of entry screening, purely under the sink or refrigerator filtering, and medical-grade bacterial solutions. Pick the system that fits your property. A water solution for safe drinking and clean laundry naturally leans toward the whole building approach, for instance. Ask for a water quality report from your supplier, if necessary, and install the technology that satisfies your needs.
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